Modeling Cross-Cultural Performance on the Visual Oddity Task

  • Andrew Lovett
  • Kate Lockwood
  • Kenneth Forbus
Conference paper

DOI: 10.1007/978-3-540-87601-4_27

Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5248)
Cite this paper as:
Lovett A., Lockwood K., Forbus K. (2008) Modeling Cross-Cultural Performance on the Visual Oddity Task. In: Freksa C., Newcombe N.S., Gärdenfors P., Wölfl S. (eds) Spatial Cognition VI. Learning, Reasoning, and Talking about Space. Spatial Cognition 2008. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 5248. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

Abstract

Cognitive simulation offers a means of more closely examining the reasons for behavior found in psychological studies. This paper describes a computational model of the visual oddity task, in which individuals are shown six images and asked to pick the one that doesn’t belong. We show that the model can match performance by participants from two cultures: Americans and the Mundurukú. We use ablation experiments on the model to provide evidence as to what factors might help explain differences in performance by the members of the two cultures.

Keywords

Qualitative representation analogy cognitive modeling oddity task 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew Lovett
    • 1
  • Kate Lockwood
    • 1
  • Kenneth Forbus
    • 1
  1. 1.Qualitative Reasoning GroupNorthwestern UniversityEvanstonUSA

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