Advanced Intelligent Computing Theories and Applications. With Aspects of Theoretical and Methodological Issues

Volume 5226 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science pp 146-158

Neighborhood Rough Set Model Based Gene Selection for Multi-subtype Tumor Classification

  • Shulin WangAffiliated withHefei Institute of Intelligent Machines, Chinese Academy of SciencesSchool of Computer and Communication, Hunan University
  • , Xueling LiAffiliated withHefei Institute of Intelligent Machines, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • , Shanwen ZhangAffiliated withHefei Institute of Intelligent Machines, Chinese Academy of Sciences

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Multi-subtype tumor diagnosis based on gene expression profiles is promising in clinical medicine application. Therefore, a great deal of research on tumor classification based on gene expression profiles has been developed, where various machine learning approaches were applied to constructing the best tumor classification model to improve the classification performance as much as possible. To achieve this goal, extracting features or finding informative genes that have good classification ability is crucial. We propose a novel gene selection approach, which adopts Kruskal-Wallis rank sum test to rank all genes and then apply an algorithm based on neighborhood rough set model to gene reduction to obtain gene subsets with fewer genes and more classification ability. Experiments on a small round blue cell tumor (SRBCT) dataset show that our approach can achieve very high classification accuracy with only three or four genes as evaluated by three classifiers: support vector machines, K-nearest neighbor and neighborhood classifier, respectively.


tumor classification gene expression profiles support vector machines neighborhood classifier K-nearest neighbor