A Design for a Physical RNG with Robust Entropy Estimators

  • Wolfgang Killmann
  • Werner Schindler
Conference paper

DOI: 10.1007/978-3-540-85053-3_10

Volume 5154 of the book series Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)
Cite this paper as:
Killmann W., Schindler W. (2008) A Design for a Physical RNG with Robust Entropy Estimators. In: Oswald E., Rohatgi P. (eds) Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Systems – CHES 2008. CHES 2008. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 5154. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg


We briefly address general aspects that reliable security evaluations of physical RNGs should consider. Then we discuss an efficient RNG design that is based on a pair of noisy diodes. The main contribution of this paper is the formulation and the analysis of the corresponding stochastic model which interestingly also fits to other RNG designs. We prove a theorem that provides tight lower bounds for the entropy per random bit, and we apply our results to a prototype of a particular physical RNG.


Physical RNG stochastic model entropy 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfgang Killmann
    • 1
  • Werner Schindler
    • 2
  1. 1.T-Systems ISS GmbHBonnGermany
  2. 2.Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik (BSI)BonnGermany