The Heart: Anatomy, Physiology and Exercise Physiology

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Abstract

The impact of anatomy on medicine was first recognised by Andreas Vesalius during the 16th century [1] and from birth to death, the heart is the most talked about organ of the human body. It is the centre of attraction for people from many lifestyles, such as philosophers, artists, poets and physicians/surgeons. The heart is one of the most efficient organs in the human body and heart disease is one of the commonest causes of morbidity and mortality in both developing and developed countries. Understanding the anatomy and pathophysiology is very important and challenging. With innovative changes in the imaging world, the perception of these has changed radically and applied anatomy and physiology plays an important role in understanding structure and function.