Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volume 4875, 2008, pp 37-49

Characterization of Unlabeled Level Planar Graphs

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Abstract

We present the set of planar graphs that always have a simultaneous geometric embedding with a strictly monotone path on the same set of n vertices, for any of the n! possible mappings. These graphs are equivalent to the set of unlabeled level planar (ULP) graphs that are level planar over all possible labelings. Our contributions are twofold. First, we provide linear time drawing algorithms for ULP graphs. Second, we provide a complete characterization of ULP graphs by showing that any other graph must contain a subgraph homeomorphic to one of seven forbidden graphs.