Unifying Denotational Semantics with Operational Semantics for Web Services

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Abstract

Web Services have become more and more important in these years, and BPEL4WS (BPEL) is a de facto standard for the web service composition and orchestration. It contains several distinct features, including the scope-based compensation and fault handling mechanism.

The denotational semantics and operational semantics have been explored for BPEL. The two approaches should be consistent. This paper considers the unifying of these two semantics. Our approach is to derive the denotational semantics from operational semantics for BPEL, which aims for the consistency of the two models. Moreover, the derivation can be applied in exploring the program equivalence easily, especially for parallel programs.