Prediction Accuracy of Evacuation Times for High-Rise Buildings and Simple Geometries by Using Different Software-Tools

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Summary

Evaluation and optimization of emergency systems can be done by means of several engineering methods, which are entirely different: macroscopic hydraulic models, which can be calculated by hand (so called handcalculation methods), and microscopic computer simulation methods. Both allow forecasting of evacuation-times for various settings. The authors compare results of four commercial software-tools (ASERI, buildingEXODUS, PedGo, Simulex) and some macroscopic handcalculation models with a real evacuation-trial in a high-rise building. Furthermore evacuation times for simple layouts of room and floor are calculated and the results are compared against each other.