Hoare Logic for ARM Machine Code

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This paper shows how a machine-code Hoare logic is used to lift reasoning from the tedious operational model of a machine language to a manageable level of abstraction without making simplifying assumptions. A Hoare logic is placed on top of a high-fidelity model of the ARM instruction set. We show how the generality of ARM instructions is captured by specifications in the logic and how the logic can be used to prove loops and procedures that traverse pointer-based data structures. The presented work has been mechanised in the HOL4 theorem prover and is currently being used to verify ARM machine code implementations of arithmetic and cryptographic operations.