Metamorphic Rocks

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Abstract

This chapter deals with the descriptive characterization of metamorphic rocks. Metamorphic rocks are derived from other rocks of igneous, sedimentary or metamorphic origin. The chemical composition of this primary material (=protolith) determines the chemical and mineralogical composition of metamorphic rocks to a large degree. The compositional variation found in the primary material of metamorphic rocks is reviewed in Sect. 2.1.