The Undecidability of the Generalized Collatz Problem

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


The Collatz problem, widely known as the 3x + 1 problem, asks whether or not a certain simple iterative process halts on all inputs. In this paper, we build on work of J. H. Conway to show that a natural generalization of the Collatz problem is \({\it \Pi}^0_2\) complete.