Reconfigurable Hardware Acceleration of Canonical Graph Labelling

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Many important algorithms in computational biology and related subjects rely on the ability to extract and to identify sub-graphs of larger graphs; an example is to find common functional structures within Protein Interaction Networks. However, the increasing size of both the graphs to be searched and the target sub-graphs requires the use of large numbers of parallel conventional CPUs. This paper proposes an architecture to allow acceleration of sub-graph identification through reconfigurable hardware, using a canonical graph labelling algorithm. A practical implementation of the canonical labelling algorithm in the Virtex-4 reconfigurable architecture is presented, examining the scaling of resource usage and speed with changing algorithm parameters and input data-sets. The hardware labelling unit is over 100 times faster than a quad Opteron 2.2GHz for graphs with few vertex invariants, and at least 10 times faster for graphs that are easier to label.