Scalable Packet Classification for IPv6 by Using Limited TCAMs

  • Chia-Tai Chan
  • Pi-Chung Wang
  • Shuo-Cheng Hu
  • Chung-Liang Lee
  • Rong-Chang Chen
Conference paper

DOI: 10.1007/978-3-540-45235-5_8

Volume 2662 of the book series Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)
Cite this paper as:
Chan CT., Wang PC., Hu SC., Lee CL., Chen RC. (2003) Scalable Packet Classification for IPv6 by Using Limited TCAMs. In: Kahng HK. (eds) Information Networking. ICOIN 2003. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 2662. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

Abstract

It has been demonstrated that performing packet classification on a potentially large number of filters on key header fields is difficult and has poor worst-case performance. To achieve fast packet classification, hardware support is unavoidable. Ternary content-addressable memory (TCAM) has been widely used to perform fast packet classification due to its ability to solve the problem in O(1) time without considering the number of entries, mask continuity and their lengths. As compared to the software-based solutions, the TCAM can offer sustained throughput and simple system architecture. It is attractive for packet classification, especially for the ultimate IPv6-based networks. However, it also comes with several shortcomings, such as the limited number of entries, expansive cost and power consumption. Accordingly, we propose an efficient algorithm to reduce the required TCAM by encoding the address portion of the searchable entries. The new scheme could encrypt the 128-bit prefixes of the real-world IPv6 routing tables into 11 bits and still keeps the property of CIDR.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chia-Tai Chan
    • 1
  • Pi-Chung Wang
    • 1
  • Shuo-Cheng Hu
    • 2
  • Chung-Liang Lee
    • 1
  • Rong-Chang Chen
    • 3
  1. 1.Telecommunication LaboratoriesChunghwa Telecom Co., Ltd.TaipeiTaiwan , R.O.C.
  2. 2.Department of Info. ManagementMing-Hsin University of Science and TechnologyHsinchuTaiwan , R.O.C.
  3. 3.Department of Logistics Engineering and ManagementNational Taichung Institute of TechnologyTaichungTaiwan , R.O.C.