Chapter

Functional Analytic Methods for Evolution Equations

Volume 1855 of the series Lecture Notes in Mathematics pp 65-311

Date:

Maximal L p -regularity for Parabolic Equations, Fourier Multiplier Theorems and \(H^\infty\)-functional Calculus

  • Peer C. KunstmannAffiliated withMathematisches Institut I, Universität Karlsruhe Email author 
  • , Lutz WeisAffiliated withMathematisches Institut I, Universität Karlsruhe

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Abstract

In these lecture notes we report on recent breakthroughs in the functional analytic approach to maximal regularity for parabolic evolution equations, which set off a wave of activity in the last years and allowed to establish maximal L p -regularity for large classes of classical partial differential operators and systems.

In the first chapter (Sections 2-8) we concentrate on the singular integral approach to maximal regularity. In particular we present effective Mihlin multiplier theorems for operator-valued multiplier functions in UMD-spaces as an interesting blend of ideas from the geometry of Banach spaces and harmonic analysis with R-boundedness at its center. As a corollary of this result we obtain a characterization of maximal regularity in terms of R-boundedness. We also show how the multiplier theorems “bootstrap” to give the R-boundedness of large classes of classical operators. Then we apply the theory to systems of elliptic differential operators on \(\mathbb{R}^n\) or with some common boundary conditions and to elliptic operators in divergence form.

In Chapter II (Sections 9-15) we construct the \(H^\infty\)-calculus, give various characterizations for its boundedness, and explain its connection with the “operator-sum” method and R-boundedness. In particular, we extend McIntosh’s square function method form the Hilbert space to the Banach space setting. With this tool we prove, e.g., a theorem on the closedness of sums of operators which is general enough to yield the characterization theorem of maximal L p -regularity. We also prove perturbation theorems that allow us to show boundedness of the \(H^\infty\)-calculus for various classes of differential operators we studied before. In an appendix we provide the necessary background on fractional powers of sectorial operators.

Mathematics Subject Classification (2000):

34Gxx 34K30 35K90 42A45 47Axx 47D06 47D07 49J20 60J25 93B28