Chapter

Methods for Measuring Greenhouse Gas Balances and Evaluating Mitigation Options in Smallholder Agriculture

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Introduction to the SAMPLES Approach

  • Todd S. RosenstockAffiliated withWorld Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) Email author 
  • , Björn Ole SanderAffiliated withInternational Rice Research Institute (IRRI)
  • , Klaus Butterbach-BahlAffiliated withInternational Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research, Atmospheric Environmental Research (IMK-IFU)
  • , Mariana C. RufinoAffiliated withCenter for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)
  • , Jonathan HickmanAffiliated withEarth Institute, Columbia University
  • , Clare StirlingAffiliated withInternational Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre (CIMMYT)
  • , Meryl RichardsAffiliated withGund Institute for Ecological Economics, University of VermontCGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture, and Food Security (CCAFS)
  • , Eva WollenbergAffiliated withGund Institute for Ecological Economics, University of VermontCGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture, and Food Security (CCAFS)

Abstract

This chapter explains the rationale for greenhouse gas emission estimation in tropical developing countries and why guidelines for smallholder farming systems are needed. It briefly highlights the innovations of the SAMPLES approach and explains how these advances fill a critical gap in the available quantification guidelines. The chapter concludes by describing how to use the guidelines.

Keywords

Measurement guidelines Greenhouse gas emissions Carbon dioxide Nitrous oxide Methane Integrated assessment Targeting Scaling Biomass carbon Soil carbon Trace gases