Joint European Conference on Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases

ECML PKDD 2015: Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases pp 279-294

Bayesian Modelling of the Temporal Aspects of Smart Home Activity with Circular Statistics

Conference paper

DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-23525-7_17

Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9285)
Cite this paper as:
Diethe T., Twomey N., Flach P. (2015) Bayesian Modelling of the Temporal Aspects of Smart Home Activity with Circular Statistics. In: Appice A., Rodrigues P., Santos Costa V., Gama J., Jorge A., Soares C. (eds) Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases. ECML PKDD 2015. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 9285. Springer, Cham

Abstract

Typically, when analysing patterns of activity in a smart home environment, the daily patterns of activity are either ignored completely or summarised into a high-level “hour-of-day” feature that is then combined with sensor activities. However, when summarising the temporal nature of an activity into a coarse feature such as this, not only is information lost after discretisation, but also the strength of the periodicity of the action is ignored. We propose to model the temporal nature of activities using circular statistics, and in particular by performing Bayesian inference with Wrapped Normal \(\mathcal {(WN)}\) and \(\mathcal {WN}\) Mixture \(\mathcal {(WNM)}\) models. We firstly demonstrate the accuracy of inference on toy data using both Gibbs sampling and Expectation Propagation (EP), and then show the results of the inference on publicly available smart-home data. Such models can be useful for analysis or prediction in their own right, or can be readily combined with larger models incorporating multiple modalities of sensor activity.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Intelligent Systems LaboratoryUniversity of BristolBristolUK

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