International Conference on User Modeling, Adaptation, and Personalization

UMAP 2015: User Modeling, Adaptation and Personalization pp 277-288

Quiet Eye Affects Action Detection from Gaze More Than Context Length

Conference paper

DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-20267-9_23

Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9146)
Cite this paper as:
Vrzakova H., Bednarik R. (2015) Quiet Eye Affects Action Detection from Gaze More Than Context Length. In: Ricci F., Bontcheva K., Conlan O., Lawless S. (eds) User Modeling, Adaptation and Personalization. UMAP 2015. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 9146. Springer, Cham

Abstract

Every purposive interactive action begins with an intention to interact. In the domain of intelligent adaptive systems, behavioral signals linked to the actions are of great importance, and even though humans are good in such predictions, interactive systems are still falling behind. We explored mouse interaction and related eye-movement data from interactive problem solving situations and isolated sequences with high probability of interactive action. To establish whether one can predict the interactive action from gaze, we 1) analyzed gaze data using sliding fixation sequences of increasing length and 2) considered sequences several fixations prior to the action, either containing the last fixation before action (i.e. the quiet eye fixation) or not. Each fixation sequence was characterized by 54 gaze features and evaluated by an SVM-RBF classifier. The results of the systematic evaluation revealed importance of the quiet eye fixation and statistical differences of quiet eye fixation compared to other fixations prior to the action.

Keywords

Action Intentions Prediction Eye-tracking SVM Mouse interaction Problem solving 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Eastern FinlandJoensuuFinland

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