Chapter

Nutrition in Infancy

Part of the series Nutrition and Health pp 75-93

Date:

Complementary Local Foods for Infants in Developing Countries

  • Peter Orji UvereAffiliated withDepartment of Food Science and Technology, University of Nigeria Email author 
  • , Henrietta Nkechi Ene-ObongAffiliated withDepartment of Biochemistry (Nutrition Unit), University of Calabar

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Abstract

Infancy is the developmental period that extends from birth until eighteen to twenty-four months. It is a time of extreme dependence on adults. Many psychological activities are just beginning—language, symbolic thought, sensorimotor coordination and social learning, for example. This makes it necessary for conditions that may lead to irreversible faltering in linear growth and cognitive deficits to be addressed. Poor nutrition during this critical period is one such factor and contributes to significant morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Early detection of growth faltering and promotion of appropriate feeding practices are therefore important for prevention of malnutrition and the very survival of such children.

Keywords

Developing countries Infants Local complementary foods Improvement Technology dissemination