The Pathophysiology and Metabolic Impact of Hyperglycemia

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Abstract

Accelerated vascular injury and inflammation are intimately associated with the devastating complications of type-2 diabetes. This process is initiated and perpetuated by the pathophysiological consequences of the hyperglycemic state. The vascular devastation of hyperglycemia can occur by several mechanisms, impacting the vessel wall, monocyte derived macrophages, and vascular smooth muscle cells.s