Prosthetics and Orthotics
- Heikki Uustal MD
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More than 100,000 major lower limb amputations occur annually in the United States, and most are the result of dysvascular disease. There are more than 500,000 amputee survivors currently in the United States. There are at least 10 times more lower extremity amputations than there are upper extremity amputations. The primary cause of lower limb amputation in the age group older than 50 years is diabetes and vascular disease. The primary cause of lower limb amputation in the age group younger than 50 years is trauma. The primary cause of upper limb amputation is also trauma. The distribution and relative energy costs for lower limb amputation are outlined in Table 1.
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- Seymour R, ed. Prosthetics and Orthotics: Lower Limb and Spine. Lippincott, Williams, and Wilkins, 2002.
- Prosthetics and Orthotics
- Book Title
- Essential Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
- pp 101-118
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Humana Press
- Copyright Holder
- Humana Press Inc.
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- Industry Sectors
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- Grant Cooper MD (1)
- Editor Affiliations
- 1. Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation New York-Presbyterian Hospital, The University Hospital of Columbia and Cornell
- Heikki Uustal MD (2) (3)
- Author Affiliations
- 2. Prosthetic and Orthotic Team, JFK-Johnson Rehabilitation Institute, Edison, NJ
- 3. Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, NJ
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