Prosthetics and Orthotics
- Heikki Uustal MD
- … show all 1 hide
More than 100,000 major lower limb amputations occur annually in the United States, and most are the result of dysvascular disease. There are more than 500,000 amputee survivors currently in the United States. There are at least 10 times more lower extremity amputations than there are upper extremity amputations. The primary cause of lower limb amputation in the age group older than 50 years is diabetes and vascular disease. The primary cause of lower limb amputation in the age group younger than 50 years is trauma. The primary cause of upper limb amputation is also trauma. The distribution and relative energy costs for lower limb amputation are outlined in Table 1.
- Braddom RL, ed. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 2000:263–352.
- Cuccurullo SJ ed. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Board Review. New York: Demos Medical Publishing, 2004:409–487.
- Delisa JA, ed. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation: Principles and Practice. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams, and Wilkins, 2005:1325–1391.
- Meier RH, Atkins DJ, eds. Functional Restoration of Adults and Children With Upper Extremity Amputation. New York: Demos Medical Publishing, 2004:159–287.
- Seymour R, ed. Prosthetics and Orthotics: Lower Limb and Spine. Lippincott, Williams, and Wilkins, 2002.
- Prosthetics and Orthotics
- Book Title
- Essential Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
- pp 101-118
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Humana Press
- Copyright Holder
- Humana Press Inc.
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors
- eBook Packages
- Grant Cooper MD (1)
- Editor Affiliations
- 1. Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation New York-Presbyterian Hospital, The University Hospital of Columbia and Cornell
- Heikki Uustal MD (2) (3)
- Author Affiliations
- 2. Prosthetic and Orthotic Team, JFK-Johnson Rehabilitation Institute, Edison, NJ
- 3. Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, NJ
To view the rest of this content please follow the download PDF link above.