Chapter

Trends in the Biology of Fermentations for Fuels and Chemicals

Part of the series Basic Life Sciences pp 55-83

Cellulase Kinetics

  • Michael R. LadischAffiliated withLaboratory of Renewable Resources Engineering, Purdue UniversityDepartment of Agricultural Engineering, Purdue UniversitySchool of Chemical Engineering, Purdue University
  • , Juan HongAffiliated withLaboratory of Renewable Resources Engineering, Purdue University
  • , Marcio VolochAffiliated withLaboratory of Renewable Resources Engineering, Purdue UniversitySchool of Chemical Engineering, Purdue University
  • , George T. TsaoAffiliated withSchool of Chemical Engineering, Purdue University

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Abstract

The production of fermentable sugar from biomass is the first step in obtaining liquid fuels and chemicals from renewable resources by fermentation processes. Biomass materials include corn residue, small grain residues (straws), sugarcane bagasse, forages and forestry residues. It is estimated that these sources alone could yield up to 40 billion gallons of ethanol/year (1,2).