Current Research and Clinical Management of Melanoma

Volume 65 of the series Cancer Treatment and Research pp 29-56

Epidemiology of melanoma

  • Martin A. Weinstock

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One of the most striking features of melanoma epidemiology is the dramatic differences in patterns observed among racial groups. For other cancer sites, racial differences in incidence may reflect socioeconomic and exposure pattern differences. However, for melanoma it appears to be the cutaneous pigmentation that is responsible for the patterns observed; the groups with the lightest color skin have the highest incidence and those with darker skins have much lower incidence.