Buried Artifacts in Sandy Soils
- David S. LeighAffiliated withDepartment of Geography, University of Georgia
Since the 1960s, it has become increasingly clear that once an artifact is deposited on a surface it is subject to many different types of displacement and burial processes that come under the general heading of pedoturbation (Hole, 1961; Johnson, 1990; Wood and Johnson, 1978). Pedoturbation refers to many different soil mixing processes that can result in the displacement, movement, and burial of artifacts (Table 10.1). Bioturbation, which includes faunalturbation and floralturbation, is the common mixing agent at most sites. Equifinality of artifact burial by pedoturbation or by various forms of sedimentation is a common problem that confronts archeological survey and site investigations, particularly in loose sandy soils and sediments. The goal of this chapter is to identify and discuss techniques suited to evaluate the relative importance of pedoturbation versus sedimentation processes at sandy sites with buried components.
- Buried Artifacts in Sandy Soils
- Book Title
- Earth Sciences and Archaeology
- Book Part
- pp 269-293
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- Online ISBN
- Springer US
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media New York
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