Chapter

Crop Improvement

pp 441-457

Date:

Environmental and Economical Opportunities for the Valorisation of the Genus Atriplex: New Insights

  • Maali BenzartiAffiliated withLaboratoire des Plantes Extrêmophiles, Centre de Biotechnologie de Borj-Cedria (CBBC)
  • , Kilani Ben RejebAffiliated withLaboratoire des Plantes Extrêmophiles, Centre de Biotechnologie de Borj-Cedria (CBBC)Physiologie Cellulaire et Moléculaire des Plantes, UR5, EAC 7180 CNRS, Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC)
  • , Ahmed DebezAffiliated withLaboratoire des Plantes Extrêmophiles, Centre de Biotechnologie de Borj-Cedria (CBBC)
  • , Chedly AbdellyAffiliated withLaboratoire des Plantes Extrêmophiles, Centre de Biotechnologie de Borj-Cedria (CBBC) Email author 

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Abstract

Atriplex species are members of the Chenopodiaceae. There are more than 400 species growing naturally in arid and semi arid regions of the world, most of which are highly tolerant to drought and salt. Atriplex species contain high levels of protein and economically valuable compounds. These characteristics could make Atriplex a suitable food for livestock in saline or arid/ semi-arid area. Furthermore, Atriplex can take up salt ions from saline soil and sequester it into the salt glands at the leaf surface. This trait is of high significance since it allows them to be used for revegetation of saline or arid/semi-arid lands. Atriplex species have also been used for cloning some genes related to drought and salt tolerance. This review is a new contribution that updates knowledge on the ecological and socio-economical potential of some plant genus Atriplex.