Chapter

Pediatric Injury Biomechanics

pp 33-86

Date:

Epidemiology of Child Motor Vehicle Crash Injuries and Fatalities

  • Kristy B. ArbogastAffiliated withDivision of Emergency Medicine, Center for Injury Research and Prevention, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia Email author 
  • , Dennis R. DurbinAffiliated withDivision of Emergency Medicine, Center for Injury Research and Prevention, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia

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Abstract

Although children represent only 10–15 % of the overall traffic fatality burden in the United States, motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) remain the leading cause of death and disability for children and young adults; and, close to half of all unintentional injury deaths to children and adolescents (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System [CDC NCIPC WISQARS] 2010). Moreover, their exposure to motor vehicle risk is significant because they travel by motor vehicles nearly as much as adults. Prevention of the fatalities, injuries and disability associated with MVC must be a priority for ensuring our children’s overall health.