Date: 17 Aug 2012

Infections Associated with Implanted Dental Devices

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Contemporary Restorative and Regenerative Dentistry mandates the use of implantable devices, as part of the overall treatment plan. The ultimate aim is to restore missing teeth or regenerate defective tissues. This can be achieved by the implementation of devices such osseointegrated dental implants or tissue regeneration materials, respectively. The oral cavity is rich in microbiota, which have the capacity to form polymicrobial biofilm communities on natural or artificial surfaces. It is therefore inevitable that implanted dental devices are also prone to microbial colonisation, and associated oral infections, such as peri-implantitis. Treatment of these infections involves the elimination of the causative factor (biofilms) and restoration of the structure and function of the affected tissues. The present chapter is discussing the aetiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and therapeutic challenges of these newly emerged infections of the oral cavity.