Chapter

Electric Vehicle Integration into Modern Power Networks

Part of the series Power Electronics and Power Systems pp 87-105

Date:

Business Models and Control and Management Architectures for EV Electrical Grid Integration

  • Willett KemptonAffiliated withUniversity of DelawareElectrical Engineering Department, Technical University of Denmark (DTU) Email author 
  • , F. MarraAffiliated withElectrical Engineering Department, Technical University of Denmark (DTU)
  • , P. B. AndersenAffiliated withElectrical Engineering Department, Technical University of Denmark (DTU)
  • , Rodrigo Garcia-ValleAffiliated withElectrical Engineering Department, Technical University of Denmark (DTU)

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Abstract

This chapter presents the main control architectures and management schemes to accommodate an intelligent EV operation in the power system. The main issues related to EV electrical grid integration consider the capabilities of an EV to offer a number of grid services, while taking into account the EV battery constraints. Grid services by EVs are possible if a number of requirements involving the vehicle architecture and its communication capabilities are met. Given this background, each EV can play a key role in the grid and this is possible using different business models. Three business models by three major EV projects are discussed and compared.