Date: 30 Oct 2012

Business Models and Control and Management Architectures for EV Electrical Grid Integration

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This chapter presents the main control architectures and management schemes to accommodate an intelligent EV operation in the power system. The main issues related to EV electrical grid integration consider the capabilities of an EV to offer a number of grid services, while taking into account the EV battery constraints. Grid services by EVs are possible if a number of requirements involving the vehicle architecture and its communication capabilities are met. Given this background, each EV can play a key role in the grid and this is possible using different business models. Three business models by three major EV projects are discussed and compared.