Handbook of Multivariate Experimental Psychology

Part of the series Perspectives on Individual Differences pp 447-473

The Methods and Problems of Cluster Analysis

  • Roger K. BlashfieldAffiliated withDepartment of Psychiatry, University of Florida
  • , Mark S. AldenderferAffiliated withDepartment of Anthropology, Northwestern University

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Cluster analysis methods have a long history. The earliest known procedures were suggested by anthropologists (Czekanowski, 1911; Driver and Kroeber, 1932). Later, these ideas were picked up in psychology. For instance, Zubin (1938) proposed a rather simple method for sorting a correlation matrix which would yield clusters. About the same time, Stephenson (1936) suggested the use of inverted factor analysis to find clusters of people.