Recovery of Perennial Vegetation in Military Maneuver Areas

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Abstract

The California deserts have been used for many years as training grounds for the armed forces of the United States. Figure 13–1 shows the distribution of military camp and vehicular exercise impacts related to the World War II General Patton training areas in the early 1940s, the “Desert Strike” operation in 1964, and “Bold Eagle” joint readiness exercise in 1976 in the California Desert as interpreted from aerial photographs (K. Berry, personal communication, 1978). In addition to these full-scale training exercises, ongoing military impacts arise from the active military bases at Fort Irwin, Twenty-nine Palms, China Lake, and the Chocolate Mountains in California, and in many other areas throughout the world’s deserts.

The views and conclusions contained in this chapter are based on the author’s studies or experiences and do not necessarily represent the official viewpoint or policy of any U.S. government agency.