The Water-to-Land Transition: Evolution of the Tetrapod Basilar Papilla, Middle Ear, and Auditory Nuclei
- Bernd Fritzsch
The evolution of the auditory system of tetrapods has been the topic of numerous investigations on the middle ear (e.g., Reichert 1837; Gaupp 1898, 1913; de Burlet 1934; Thomson 1966; Henson 1974; Lombard and Bolt 1988), the inner ear (e.g., Retzius 1881, 1884; de Burlet 1934; Werner 1960; Baird 1974; Lewis, Leverenz, and Bialek 1985), and the auditory pathways in the central nervous system (e.g., Larsell 1934; Ariens-Kappers, Huber, and Crosby 1936; Northcutt 1980). The consensus reached by many of these studies was that the water-to-land transition apparently coincided with the coevolution of a tympanic middle ear, a basilar papilla, and a periotic labyrinth in the inner ear, as well as neural pathways devoted to the processing of airborn sound in tetrapods (Fig. 18.1).
- The Water-to-Land Transition: Evolution of the Tetrapod Basilar Papilla, Middle Ear, and Auditory Nuclei
- Book Title
- The Evolutionary Biology of Hearing
- Book Part
- Section IV
- pp 351-375
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer New York
- Copyright Holder
- Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
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- Editor Affiliations
- 1. Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Louisiana State University Medical Center
- 2. Department of Zoology, University of Maryland
- 3. Parmly Hearing Institute and Loyola University of Chicago
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