Surgical Guide to Circumcision

pp 201-231


Current Medical Evidence Supports Male Circumcision

  • Brian J. MorrisAffiliated withSchool of Medical Sciences and Bosch Institute, The University of Sydney Email author 
  • , Guy CoxAffiliated withAustralian Centre for Microscopy & Microanalysis, The University of Sydney

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Circumcision has a wide array of potential benefits over the lifetime of males, and relatively few risks. Up to one in three males worldwide, if not circumcised, may suffer a medical condition caused by their foreskin [1–3]. In contrast, the risks of the procedure itself are less than 1% in infancy and less than 5% in older children and adults. The benefits have been calculated by some, to exceed risks by over 100 to one [1–3]. Figure 19.1 illustrates why the foreskin represents a risk to health.