Chapter

Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics

pp 875-879

Date:

Experimental Study of Pedestrian Flow in the Channel through Bottleneck

  • W. SongAffiliated withUniversity of Science and Technology of China Email author 
  • , J. ZhangAffiliated withUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaUniversity of Wuppertal, Institute for Building Material Technology and Fire Safety Science
  • , A. SeyfriedAffiliated withForschungszentrum Jülich GmbH (JSC)

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Abstract

In this study, experiments of pedestrian flow through a bottleneck are performed by changing the width of the bottleneck, b, from 0.5 m to 1.4 m. The time dependence of the pedestrian density in front of and inside the bottleneck is studied. We calculated the velocity of each pedestrian passing through the measurement section inside the bottleneck and the corresponding mean density, and the fundamental diagram is obtained. The relation between the flow rate J and the width b is studied and compared with the results of other researchers.