Analyzing Stop-and-Go Waves by Experiment and Modeling

Conference paper

DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_52

Cite this paper as:
Portz A., Seyfried A. (2011) Analyzing Stop-and-Go Waves by Experiment and Modeling. In: Peacock R., Kuligowski E., Averill J. (eds) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer, Boston, MA

Abstract

The main topic of this paper is the analysis and modeling of stop-andgo waves, observable in experiments of single lane movement with pedestrians. The velocity density relation using measurements on a ‘microscopic’ scale shows the coexistence of two phases at one density. These data are used to calibrate and verify a spatially continuous model. Several criteria are chosen that a model has to satisfy: firstly we investigated the fundamental diagram (velocity versus density) using different measurement methods. Furthermore the trajectories are compared to the occurrence of stop-and-go waves qualitatively. Finally we checked the distribution of the velocities at fixed density against the experimental one. The adaptive velocity model introduced satisfies these criteria well.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jülich Supercomputing Centre, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbHJülichGermany

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