Date: 13 Jun 2011

Analyzing Stop-and-Go Waves by Experiment and Modeling

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Abstract

The main topic of this paper is the analysis and modeling of stop-andgo waves, observable in experiments of single lane movement with pedestrians. The velocity density relation using measurements on a ‘microscopic’ scale shows the coexistence of two phases at one density. These data are used to calibrate and verify a spatially continuous model. Several criteria are chosen that a model has to satisfy: firstly we investigated the fundamental diagram (velocity versus density) using different measurement methods. Furthermore the trajectories are compared to the occurrence of stop-and-go waves qualitatively. Finally we checked the distribution of the velocities at fixed density against the experimental one. The adaptive velocity model introduced satisfies these criteria well.