Chapter

The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life

Volume 730 of the series Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology pp 609-611

Modeling Cumulative Sound Exposure Along a Seismic Line to Assess the Risk of Seismic Research Surveys on Marine Mammals in the Antarctic Treaty Area

  • Monika BreitzkeAffiliated withAlfred-Wegener-Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI)University of Bremen Email author 
  • , Thomas BohlenAffiliated withKarlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)

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Abstract

Based on the Protocol for the Protection of the Antarctic Environment established in 1991, all activities south of 6° S are subject to an environmental impact assessment (EIA). This also applies to seismic research surveys, which have come into public and regulatory bodies’ focus due to their potential impact on marine mammals.