The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life

Volume 730 of the series Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology pp 583-585

Managing Underwater Noise in European Waters: Implementing the Marine Strategy Framework Directive

  • Mark TaskerAffiliated withJoint Nature Conservation Committee Email author 
  • , Mats AmundinAffiliated withKolmårdens Djur and Naturpark
  • , Michel AndreAffiliated withLaboratori d’Aplicacions Bioacustiques, Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya
  • , Anthony D. HawkinsAffiliated withLoughine Limited, Kincraig
  • , William LangAffiliated with
  • , Thomas MerckAffiliated withFederal Agency for Nature Conservation, Isle of Vilm
  • , Amy Scholik-SchlomerAffiliated withOffice of Protected Resources, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  • , Jonas TeilmannAffiliated withNational Environmental Research Institute, University of Aarhus
  • , Frank ThomsenAffiliated withCefas
    • , Stefanie WernerAffiliated withFederal Environment Agency
    • , Manell ZakhariaAffiliated withNorth Atlantic Treaty Organization Undersea Research Centre

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The European Union’s (EU) Marine Strategy Framework Directive (2008/56/EC) aims to improve the condition of all Europe’s seas and ensure that human usage of these seas is sustainable. The directive will work by requiring EU member states to set a series of objectives for 11 Descriptors of Environmental Status. One of these descriptors, Introduction of Energy, Including Underwater Noise, Is at Levels That Do Not Adversely Affect the Marine Environment, concerns underwater noise. A task group consisting of the authors was established to recommend to the European Commission indicators that might be used by member states to define good environmental status (GES) under this descriptor. The task group focused on sounds that affect relatively broad areas of the marine environment and developed three possible indicators of underwater sound.