Strategic Assessment of the Risk Posed to Marine Mammals by the Use of Air Guns in the Antarctic: Concepts, Methods, Results, and Controversies

  • Olaf Boebel
  • Monika Breitzke
  • Elke Burkhardt
  • Horst Bornemann
Conference paper

DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4419-7311-5_120

Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 730)
Cite this paper as:
Boebel O., Breitzke M., Burkhardt E., Bornemann H. (2012) Strategic Assessment of the Risk Posed to Marine Mammals by the Use of Air Guns in the Antarctic: Concepts, Methods, Results, and Controversies. In: Popper A.N., Hawkins A. (eds) The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, vol 730. Springer, New York, NY

Abstract

During the past two years, the Alfred Wegener Institute (AWI) prepared a comprehensive, strategic assessment of the risk posed to marine mammals by the use of air guns for scientific, geophysical research in the Southern Ocean around Antarctica (Boebel et al. 2009). This strategic risk assessment focuses not only on a single activity (e.g., a specific expedition) as a risk assessment would but more generally considers the use of research air guns in this region’s typical operational and environmental contexts, which show little interannual variation. The study attempts distinguishing between aspects of analysis (based on scientific knowledge and numerical calculations) and evaluation (based on a set of risk criteria and associated thresholds). The term assessment is used to describe the overall process, involving both analysis and evaluation.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olaf Boebel
    • 1
  • Monika Breitzke
    • 1
  • Elke Burkhardt
    • 1
  • Horst Bornemann
    • 1
  1. 1.Alfred Wegener InstituteBremerhavenGermany

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