Workshop Summary: Roles of the TNF Family in Neuronal Development, Function and Pathology

Conference paper

DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4419-6612-4_55

Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 691)
Cite this paper as:
Tansey M.G., Wyss-Coray T. (2011) Workshop Summary: Roles of the TNF Family in Neuronal Development, Function and Pathology. In: Wallach D., Kovalenko A., Feldmann M. (eds) Advances in TNF Family Research. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, vol 691. Springer, New York, NY

Abstract

Once believed to be “immune privileged” and relatively protected from the effects and influence of the immune system, it is now well established that the brain is capable of mounting inflammatory responses in response to various stimuli. In addition, proteins once believed to be solely expressed in immune organs (and in particular TNF superfamily members and their receptors) have now been demonstrated to have important roles in normal central nervous system (CNS) function. Importantly, cross talk between the brain and the immune system and its regulation are critical determinants of normal central and peripheral nervous system (PNS) physiology and dysregulation of such is believed to underlie a number of chronic neurological disorders. While the role of inflammation in pathological conditions such as multiple sclerosis can be clearly appreciated, there are a number of other CNS and PNS disorders in which the role of the immune system is not well understood yet neuroinflammatory responses appear to be dysregulated and may be contributing to disease progression and neuronal loss. Neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease fall within this category and affect a large number of individuals over age 65. Therefore, investigations aimed at gaining a better understanding of the role of TNF superfamily signaling cascades in normal brain function or in neurological disorders is of high importance and extremely timely in light of the rising number of aging individuals worldwide.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyEmory University School of MedicineAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Neurology and Neurological SciencesStanford University School of Medicine and Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center, Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care SystemPalo AltoUSA

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