Chapter

Sustainable Supply Chains

Volume 174 of the series International Series in Operations Research & Management Science pp 49-72

Date:

Supply Chain Network Design of a Sustainable Blood Banking System

  • Anna NagurneyAffiliated withDepartment of Finance and Operations Management, Isenberg School of Management, University of Massachusetts Email author 
  • , Amir H. MasoumiAffiliated withDepartment of Finance and Operations Management, Isenberg School of Management, University of Massachusetts

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Abstract

In this paper, we develop a sustainable network design/redesign model for the complex supply chain of human blood, which is a valuable yet highly perishable product. Specifically, we consider the optimal design (or redesign) of a blood banking system consisting of collection sites, blood centers, testing and processing labs, storage facilities, distribution centers as well as demand points. Our multicriteria system-optimization approach on networks with arc multipliers captures several critical concerns associated with blood banking systems including but not limited to the determination of the optimal capacities and the optimal allocations, the induced supply-side risk, and the induced cost of discarding potentially hazardous blood waste, while the uncertain demand for blood is satisfied as closely as possible.