Chapter

Phenology of Ecosystem Processes

pp 247-270

Date:

Land Surface Phenology

Convergence of Satellite and CO2 Eddy Flux Observations
  • Xiangming XiaoAffiliated withDepartment of Botany and Microbiology, and Center for Spatial Analysis, University of Oklahoma
  • , Junhui ZhangAffiliated withInstitute of Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • , Huimin YanAffiliated withInstitute of Geographic Science and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • , Weixing WuAffiliated withInstitute of Geographic Science and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • , Chandrashekhar BiradarAffiliated withDepartment of Botany and Microbiology, and Center for Spatial Analysis, University of Oklahoma

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Abstract

Land surface phenology (LSP) is a key indicator of ecosystem dynamics under a changing environment. Over the last few decades, numerous studies have used the time series data of vegetation indices derived from land surface reflectance acquired by satellite-based optical sensors to delineate land surface phenology. Recent progress and data accumulation from CO2 eddy flux towers offers a new perspective for delineating land surface phenology through either net ecosystem exchange of CO2 (NEE) or gross primary production (GPP). In this chapter, we discussed the potential convergence of satellite observation approach and CO2 eddy flux observation approach. We evaluated three vegetation indices (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index, Enhanced Vegetation Index, and Land Surface Water Index) in relation to NEE and GPP data from five CO2 eddy flux tower sites, representing five vegetation types (deciduous broadleaf forests, evergreen needleleaf forest, temperate grassland, cropland, and tropical moist evergreen broadleaf forest). This chapter highlights the need for the community to combine satellite observation approach and CO2 eddy flux observation approach, in order to develop better understanding of land surface phenology.