A Comparative Approach to Higher Education Reforms in Western European Countries
- Catherine ParadeiseAffiliated withUniversitè Paris Est/LATTS, Citè Descartes
- , Emanuela RealeAffiliated withCERIS-CNR
- , Gaële GoastellecAffiliated withOSPS, University of Lausanne
The seven national case studies explore training and research changes in higher education institutions. They focus on the various institutional, organizational and individual dimensions of change over the last 30 years, characterized in western European countries by major shifts in relation to levels of autonomy, accountability and managerial approach. Yet national systems remain to be compared. By using an international and comparative thematic approach, this chapter undertakes a systematic description of how and how much the sector of higher education has changed in terms of organization and steering, leaving interpretative issues to the second conclusive chapter.
It is divided into two sections. The first one presents itemized comparative reform histories since about 1980 and changes that have taken place, including central government regulation, system characteristics, organization and governance of higher education institutions, degree structure and study programs. It states the rise of managerial approaches to the reform of universities, demonstrating striking international similarities in public policy rationales and tools. It documents the organizational turn of universities and its relationship to a new multilevel governance design characterized by the redesign of jurisdictions and steering rules between public authorities and universities.
- A Comparative Approach to Higher Education Reforms in Western European Countries
- Book Title
- University Governance
- Book Subtitle
- Western European Comparative Perspectives
- pp 197-225
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Series Title
- Higher Education Dynamics
- Series Volume
- Series ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science + Business Media B.V.
- Additional Links
- eBook Packages
- Editor Affiliations
- 1. Cité Descartes, Université Paris Est/ LATTS and IFRIS
- 2. CERIS-CNR
- 3. Rokkan Centre for Social Studies Department of Administration and Organization Theory, University of Bergen
- 4. Department of Management, King's College London
- Author Affiliations
- 5. Universitè Paris Est/LATTS, Citè Descartes, France
- 6. CERIS-CNR, Rome, Italy
- 7. OSPS, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
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