Characteristics and Determinants of Food Insecurity in Sub-Saharan Africa
- Paul MkandawireAffiliated withDepartment of Geography, The University of Western Ontario, Social Science Centre Email author
- , Nathaniel D. AgudaAffiliated withDepartment of Geography, The University of Western Ontario, Social Science Centre
This chapter discusses the persistence of food insecurity in sub-Saharan Africa. Although pervasive poverty and low agricultural productivity are important factors in understanding food insecurity in the region, broader global processes are examined. It is argued therefore that, while poverty undermines individual and household access to sufficient food through market purchase, land inequalities, corruption, structural adjustment programs, civil conflict, HIV/AIDS and the role of the World Trade Organization Agreement on Agriculture are decisive. The chapter reveals that control over key policy decisions in the agriculture sector is increasingly taken from national states. Achieving food security in sub-Saharan Africa requires policies and actions that are integrated with efforts to reduce poverty, enhance livelihoods and incomes, and increase agricultural output while also paying attention to underlying structural factors that bear on agriculture in the region.
KeywordsFood security Sub-Saharan Africa Livelihoods
- Characteristics and Determinants of Food Insecurity in Sub-Saharan Africa
- Book Title
- Environment and Health in Sub-Saharan Africa: Managing an Emerging Crisis
- Book Subtitle
- Selected Papers from ERTEP 2007, July 17-19 2007, Ghana, Africa
- pp 3-23
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer Netherlands
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
- Additional Links
- Food security
- Sub-Saharan Africa
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