Reduction of the Land-Based Discharges to the Curonian Lagoon in a View of a Climate Change Perspective

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Abstract

Following the EU Water Framework Directive along with the earlier Nitrate and Wastewater treatment directives there was a national programme to reduce the nutrient and organic load into the Nemunas river and the Curonian lagoon that was adopted in 2006. However, the implementation of the programme could shift N:P ratio even more towards the nitrogen limitation, facilitating the development of the cyanobacteria blooms. The role of the foreseen climatic trends in the region discussed along with the possible ecological consequences.