Healthy Longevity in China

Volume 20 of the series Demographic Methods and Population Analysis pp 293-303

Successful Ageing of the Oldest- Old in China

  • Peng DuAffiliated withGerontology Institute, Renmin University of China

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Earlier case studies in Australia, the United States and China show that successful ageing is associated with more years of education, and more household assets or monthly income. The influencing factors are not limited specifically to a certain age group; they tend to be significant for the entire age range of the elderly population. This chapter examines these findings in broader geographic settings and advanced age groups. Using data from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Study, we extend the analysis of successful ageing to the oldest-old in China. The results confirm that successful ageing of the oldest-old in China is associated with more years of education and marital status. The oldest-old with positive attitudes on life, and who both exercise more often and have better physical performance are more successful in their old age and have a higher survival rate. Analysis of the substantial heterogeneity of the elderly may lead to both meaningful policies on aging, and the promotion of a better quality of life.


Activities of daily living Chinese oldest-old Cognitive function Functional classification Longitudinal study Medical conditions Minimal functional limitations Mortality Normal ageing Successful ageing