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Advanced Science and Technology for Biological Decontamination of Sites Affected by Chemical and Radiological Nuclear Agents

Volume 75 of the series NATO Science Series: IV: Earth and Environmental Sciences pp 79-88

PLANT TAXONOMY FOR PHYTOREMEDIATION

  • STANISŁAW W. GAWRONSKIAffiliated withLaboratory for Basic Research in Horticulture, Faculty of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Warsaw Agricultural University
  • , HELENA GAWRONSKAAffiliated withLaboratory for Basic Research in Horticulture, Faculty of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Warsaw Agricultural University

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Abstract

Plants are among the most tolerant of organisms to pollution, which emphasises their utility for the emerging science of environmental biotechnology. Many botanical families, in particular the Brassicaceae, Poaceae, Fabaceae, Asteraceae, Salicaceae, Chenopodiaceae, and Careophylaceae include multiple species showing phytoremediation potential, and other families (Cyperaceae, Amaranthaceae, Cannabaceae, Cannaceae, Typhaceae and Pontederiaceae) contain promising individual species: Each species enjoys certain advantages, but suffers some limitations for application as phytoremediants. Careful selection of the appropriate family and genotype to match the particular pollutant and environment is crucial for successful phytoremediation.