Fire on board ship

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Abstract

Fire on board ship is one of the most serious risks for property and persons, as well as for the surrounding environment. A ship is evidently subject to the same risks with regard to fire as a civil or industrial land structure. On board ship there are tons of liquid fuel, electrical equipment, air-conditioning plants, engines, boilers, stores of flammable material and crew accommodation areas (kitchens, mess rooms, lounges, cabins, WCs). To all this we must add the load, which in cargo vessels consists of a high percentage of solid and liquid goods that are flammable or at least combustible, and often of a dangerous nature. In passenger ships the load consists of accommodation and entertainment facilities for the passengers and, in ferries, of a large garage for motor vehicles. Offshore rigs and tanker storage ships are essentially oil plants.