Chapter

Root and Tuber Crops

Volume 7 of the series Handbook of Plant Breeding pp 53-96

Date:

Cassava

  • Hernán CeballosAffiliated withInternational Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Apartado AéreoUniversidad Nacional de Colombia Email author 
  • , Emmanuel OkogbeninAffiliated withInternational Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Apartado AéreoNational Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI)
  • , Juan Carlos PérezAffiliated withInternational Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Apartado Aéreo
  • , Luis Augusto Becerra López-ValleAffiliated withInternational Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Apartado Aéreo
  • , Daniel DebouckAffiliated withInternational Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Apartado Aéreo

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Abstract

Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is the most important crop among the tropical root and tuber crops (Pujol et al., 2002; Meireles da Silva et al., 2003). Along with maize (Zea mays L.), sugarcane (Saccharum spp.), and rice (Oryza sativa L.), cassava is among the most important sources of energy in the diet of most tropical countries of the world.