Principles of Ecosystem Stewardship

pp 55-75

Sustaining Livelihoods and Human Well-Being during Social-Ecological Change

  • Gary P. KofinasAffiliated withSchool of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences and Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks
  • , F. Stuart ChapinIII

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Social processes strongly influence the dynamics of social-ecological responses to change. In Chapter 2, we described the ecological processes that govern the flow of ecosystem goods and services to society. Sustainability of these flows depends not only on ecosystems, but also on human actions that are motivated, in part, by desires and needs for these services. Many of the social and ecological slow variables that determine the long-term dynamics of social-ecological systems act primarily through their effects on human well-being (see Chapter 1).