Time series analysis of Hawaiian waterbirds

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Surveys to monitor changes in population size over time are of interest for a variety of research questions and management goals. For example, population biologists require survey data collected over time to test hypotheses concerning the patterns and mechanisms of population regulation or to evaluate the effects on population size of interactions caused by competition and predation. Resource managers use changes in population size to (i) evaluate the effectiveness of management actions that are designed to increase or decrease numbers, (ii) monitor changes in indicator species, and (iii) quantify the effects of environmental change. Monitoring population size over time is particularly important to species conservation, where population decline is one key to identifying species that are at risk of extinction.