Date: 24 Sep 2008

Noncommutative Real Algebraic Geometry Some Basic Concepts and First Ideas

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We propose and discuss how basic notions (quadratic modules, positive elements, semialgebraic sets, Archimedean orderings) and results (Positivstellensätze) from real algebraic geometry can be generalized to noncommutative *-algebras. A version of Stengle's Positivstellensatz for n X n matrices of real polynomials is proved.