Chapter

One Health: The Human-Animal-Environment Interfaces in Emerging Infectious Diseases

Volume 366 of the series Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology pp 185-205

Date:

Building a Foundation for ‘One Health’: An Education Strategy for Enhancing and Sustaining National and Regional Capacity in Endemic and Emerging Zoonotic Disease Management

  • W. D. VinkAffiliated withEpiCentre Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Massey University Email author 
  • , Joanna S. McKenzieAffiliated withEpiCentre Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Massey University
  • , Naomi CoggerAffiliated withEpiCentre Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Massey University
  • , Barry BormanAffiliated withCentre for Public Health Research, College of Humanities and Social Sciences, Massey University
  • , Petra MuellnerAffiliated withEpiCentre Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Massey University

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Abstract

The rapid global spread of diseases such as SARS, H5N1, and H1N1 influenza has emphasized the pressing need for trans-disciplinary collaboration and cross-border action, and has also exposed a serious deficit of capacity and coordination in dealing effectively with emerging disease threats. The need for capacity development is particularly acute in the developing world, which is the least well-equipped to respond adequately. Such capacity development can be achieved through education and the implementation of applied ‘One Health’ activities. This chapter describes the establishment of a ‘One Health’ capacity development program in South Asia, consisting of two phases. The first phase provides Masters level training for public health doctors and veterinarians, with a focus on epidemiology, and disease control. The second phase reinforces the postgraduate training by establishing a sustainable framework for the implementation of collaborative ‘One Health’ activities such as the development of multidisciplinary professional networks, implementation of applied zoonotic disease investigation projects, and support for continuing professional development. The objectives are to provide individual skills required to strengthen capacity; to develop an appreciation of the cross-cutting issues which affect human and animal health, set within an institutional context; and to facilitate the development of regional professional networks which will be instrumental in implementing ‘One Health’ activities.