Date: 13 May 2003

Fast Quantum Fourier Transforms for a Class of Non-abelian Groups

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An algorithm is presented allowing the construction of fast Fourier transforms for any solvable group on a classical computer. The special structure of the recursion formula being the core of this algorithm makes it a good starting point to obtain systematically fast Fourier transforms for solvable groups on a quantum computer. The inherent structure of the Hilbert space imposed by the qubit architecture suggests to consider groups of order 2 n first (where n is the number of qubits). As an example, fast quantum Fourier transforms for all 4 classes of nonabelian 2-groups with cyclic normal subgroup of index 2 are explicitly constructed in terms of quantum circuits. The (quantum) complexity of the Fourier transform for these groups of size 2 n is O( n 2) in all cases.